New York, frequently called New York City to separate it from New York State, or NYC for short, is the most crowded city in the United States. With a 2020 populace of 8,804,190 dispersed over 300.46 square miles (778.2 km2),[2] New York City is likewise the most thickly populated significant city in the United States. Situated at the southern tip of the State of New York, the city is the focal point of the New York metropolitan region, the biggest metropolitan region on the planet by metropolitan area.[10] With more than 20 million individuals in its metropolitan measurable region and roughly 23 million in its consolidated factual region, it is one of the world’s most crowded megacities. New York City has been depicted as the social, monetary, and media capital of the world, fundamentally impacting commerce,[11] diversion, research, innovation, training, governmental issues, the travel industry, craftsmanship, style, and sports, and is the most shot city in the world.[12] Home to the base camp of the United Nations,[13] New York is a significant community for worldwide diplomacy,[14][15] and has at times been known as the capital of the world.[16][17]

Arranged on one of the world’s biggest regular harbors, New York City is made out of five wards, every one of which is a region of the State of New York. The five districts—Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, the Bronx, and Staten Island—were made when nearby governments were combined into a solitary city in 1898.[18] The city and its metropolitan region comprise the head passage for lawful movement to the United States. Upwards of 800 dialects are spoken in New York,[19] making it the most phonetically assorted city on the planet. New York is home to more than 3.2 million inhabitants brought into the world external the United States,[20] the biggest unfamiliar conceived populace of any city on the planet as of 2016.[21][22] As of 2019, the New York metropolitan region is assessed to create a gross metropolitan item (GMP) of $2.0 trillion. On the off chance that the New York metropolitan region were a sovereign state, it would have the eighth-biggest economy on the planet. New York is home to the most elevated number of very rich people of any city in the world.[23]

New York City follows its starting points to a general store established on the southern tip of Manhattan Island by Dutch settlers in 1624. The settlement was named New Amsterdam (Dutch: Nieuw Amsterdam) in 1626 and was sanctioned as a city in 1653.[24] The city went under English control in 1664 and was renamed New York subsequent to King Charles II of England conceded the terrains to his sibling, the Duke of York.[24][25] The city was recaptured by the Dutch in July 1673 and was renamed New Orange for one year and 90 days; the city has been consistently named New York since November 1674.[26][27] New York City was the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790,[28] and has been the biggest U.S. city since 1790.[29] The Statue of Liberty welcomed a large number of foreigners as they went to the U.S. by transport in the late nineteenth and mid twentieth centuries,[30] and is an image of the U.S. furthermore, its goals of freedom and peace.[31] In the 21st century, New York has arisen as a worldwide hub of imagination, entrepreneurship,[32] and ecological sustainability,[33][34] and as an image of opportunity and social diversity.[35] In 2019, New York was casted a ballot the best city on the planet per an overview of more than 30,000 individuals from 48 urban communities around the world, refering to its social diversity.[36]

Many regions and milestones in New York City are notable, including three of the world’s ten most visited vacation destinations in 2013.[37] A record 66.6 million travelers visited New York City in 2019. Times Square is the brilliantly enlightened center of the Broadway Theater District,[38] one of the world’s most active person on foot intersections,[39][40] and a significant focal point of the world’s amusement industry.[41] Many of the city’s tourist spots, skyscrapers,[42] and parks are known all throughout the planet. The Empire State Building has turned into the worldwide norm of reference to portray the tallness and length of other structures.[43][44][45] Manhattan’s housing market is among the most costly in the world.[46][47] Providing persistent every minute of every day administration and adding to the moniker The City That Never Sleeps, the New York City Subway is the biggest single-administrator fast travel framework around the world, with 472 rail stations. The city has more than 120 schools and colleges, including Columbia University, New York University, Rockefeller University, and the City University of New York framework, which is the biggest metropolitan state funded college framework in the United States.[48] Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City has been called both the world’s driving monetary focus and the most monetarily amazing city on the planet, and is home to the world’s two biggest stock trades by absolute market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ.